General Terms and Conditions of Sale
Effective: August 2010
- Our General Terms and Conditions of Sale apply to all - including future - legal relationships between the parties to the Contract. Agreements to the contrary are only valid if confirmed by us in writing.
- We are not bound by any contrary or contradictory General Terms and Conditions of the other party to the Contract - hereinafter referred to as the Purchaser - even if we do not expressly object to them.
- Our Terms and Conditions only reply in respect of Companies as defined in § 310 Section 1 BGB [Civil Code].
- Should any provision contained in our General Terms and Conditions of Sale prove to be or become invalid the validity of all remaining provisions shall not be thereby affected.
II. Tender and Tender Documentation
- Our tender is subject to confirmation in the absence of anything to the contrary ensuing from the offer.
- We can accept orders within a period of 6 weeks. The said period commences upon receipt of order.
- Our written Confirmation of Order is definitive in respect of supply of goods or services. Assurances regarding characteristics, supplements or ancillary agreements must be in writing to take legal effect.
- Our sales staff are not authorised to enter into verbal ancillary agreements or to give assurances extending beyond the content of the written Contract.
- We retain title and intellectual property rights to all diagrams, drawings, calculations and other documentation. Prior to transmission thereof to third parties the Purchaser requires our express written permission.
- In the case of series production or special custom designs we reserve the right to apply an over or under-delivery rate of 10%. The resultant over or under-delivery shall be invoiced accordingly.
- We are entitled to make part deliveries if this may be considered reasonable for the customer.
III. Prices and Terms of Payment
- If nothing to the contrary emerges from the Confirmation of Order our prices are "ex stock" or "ex works" and exclusive of shipping and handling charges, customs or excise duty, packaging and are liable to the prevailing rate of statutory VAT.
- Our prices are calculated on the basis of a minimum procurement quantity of 1000 units per product specification and type. Minimum value of goods per order is EUR 250.00 net.
- We reserve the right to adjust our prices accordingly if subsequent to conclusion of the Contract cost reductions or cost increases, in particular as a consequence of collective wage agreements, changes in the cost of materials or currency fluctuations take place. Evidence of the above shall be made available to the Purchaser on request.
- Deduction of discount requires separate written agreement.
If nothing to the contrary emerges from the Confirmation of Order the net purchase price shall be due for payment (without deduction) within 8 days from date of invoice. Part invoices shall be presented for part deliveries. Payment terms shall run separately for each part invoice.
Statutory provisions apply in the event of payment arrears.
- We only accept drafts or cheques in payment and not in lieu of payment after separate agreement. Our account is not settled until the date on which the funds are available to us without having to make allowance for charge-back claims. Collection charges, discount charges or bill charges including interest shall in all cases be borne by the Purchaser and are payable immediately.
- The Purchaser may only offset against a claim which is undisputed or legally binding. He may only exercise a right of retention to the extent that his counterclaim is based on the same contractual relationship.
- One-off costs such as for example tooling and development costs are invoiced at 50% directly upon receipt of order. The remaining 50% of the said costs are due upon delivery of the first series production components.
IV. Product Information and Design Modifications
- The Purchaser undertakes to provide us with a comprehensive description of every aspect and detail of the conditions under which the goods supplied shall be used.
- We reserve the right to introduce design modifications in the interests of technical progress provided the latter do not involve any changes in the function of the goods.
V. Delivery Period
- Information regarding delivery periods is unbinding unless the delivery date has been exceptionally agreed as "binding".
- The delivery period shall commence with the date of confirmation of order but not however prior to provision of items required to be furnished by the Purchaser i.e. supporting documentation, official approvals and releases including receipt of any agreed payment, opening of any letter of credit required or evidence of arrangement of any collateral agreed.
- The delivery period shall be deemed met if the goods have left the Schwäbisch Gmünd warehouse facility within the delivery period.
- Should any unforeseen impediments outside our control arise which despite the requisite care required given the particular circumstances of the case we are not in a position to avert - irrespective of whether the said impediments occur with us or at subcontractors - including force majeure (e.g. war or natural catastrophe) or delays in the supply of essential raw materials or other circumstances for which we are not responsible - we are entitled to withdraw from the Supply Contract either wholly or in part or alternatively to extend the delivery period by the duration of the impediment. We shall be entitled to the same rights in the event of strikes and lockouts at our premises or those of our upstream suppliers. We shall immediately notify our customers of any such circumstances.
- In the event of delay in delivery the Purchaser may, following the expiry of an appropriate period of grace to no effect, withdraw from the Contract; in the event of the practical impossibility of supply of goods on our part he is also entitled to do so without notice. A period of 14 days shall be deemed appropriate and in the case of special custom-made products this shall be a minimum of 1 month.
Delayed delivery shall equate to impossibility if delivery does not follow after 1 month or 6 weeks in the case of special custom-made products.
Claims for damages (including any consequential loss) shall be excluded irrespective of Section 6; the same shall apply in the case of reimbursement of expenses.
- The liability disclaimer provision under Section 5 shall not apply if any exclusion or restriction of liability is agreed in respect of injury to life, physical injury or damage to health which is due to intentional or negligent dereliction of duty on the part of the user or intentional or negligent dereliction of duty on the part of any legal representative or vicarious agent of the user; nor shall it apply if any exclusion or limitation of liability is agreed for other forms of damage caused by any intentional or grossly negligent dereliction of duty on the part of any legal representative or vicarious agent of the user.
If we culpably infringe any essential contractual obligation or any cardinal obligation liability shall not be excluded but shall be limited to typical foreseeable contractual damage.
In the event of reimbursement of expenses the above shall apply accordingly.
- If any commercial fixed date transaction has been agreed the liability limitations arising from Sections 5 and Section 6 shall not apply; the same applies if the Purchaser is in a position to claim that as a consequence of the delay for which we are responsible his interest in performance of the Contract ceases to apply.
- In the case of call orders calls shall be notified to us in a timely manner to enable orderly manufacture and supply and at least 6 weeks prior to the desired delivery date. Call orders must be called forward within 12 months from the date of order if no other fixed deadlines have been agreed. If call does not follow or not completely within 12 months from the date of order or on the agreed call terms the Purchaser shall be deemed in default of acceptance.
- Should the Purchaser fall into acceptance arrears or infringe duties of cooperation we are entitled to claim compensation for loss incurred by us including any additional expenses. In such event risk of accidental destruction or loss or accidental deterioration of the item of purchase shall transfer to the Purchaser if the latter is in default of acceptance.
VI. Transfer of Risk, Packaging Costs and Insurance
- Upon handover to the forwarding agent or carrier and at the latest upon leaving our premises risk of accidental destruction or loss and accidental deterioration transfers to the Purchaser. Incoterms 2000 "ex works/ab Werk" Clause (German version) applies.
- Should handover be delayed due to any circumstance for which the Purchaser is responsible or as a consequence of the latter's instructions risk shall transfer to the Purchaser with effect from the date of notification of readiness for despatch. At the express written request of the Purchaser we undertake to insure goods stored with us at the Purchaser's cost. This also applies in those cases where a delivery period has not been expressly agreed with the proviso that risk transfers to the Purchaser 7 calendar days following notification of readiness for despatch.
- If the Purchaser wishes we shall cover delivery by transport insurance; costs in this regard shall be borne by the Purchaser.
- Transportation and all other packaging shall not be returned subject to requirements of the German Packaging Ordinance. Pallets are excluded. The Purchaser undertakes to arrange disposal of packaging materials at his own cost.
- Delivered items shall be received and accepted by the Purchaser even if they display minor imperfections irrespective of his rights under the terms of §§ 433 ff. BGB.
VII. Reservation of Title
- Up to the point of full settlement of the purchase price including all subsidiary claims and prior to settlement of all other claims arising from the business association goods delivered shall remain our property. Up until that point the Purchaser is not entitled to pledge the goods to third parties or to assign them as security. The Purchaser shall store the reserved goods for us at no charge.
- In the event of processing and combination of reserved title goods with other goods by the Purchaser we shall acquire joint title to the new item in the ratio of the invoiced value of the reserved title goods to the combined material entity. The joint title rights accordingly ensuing shall be considered as reserved title goods as defined in Clause 1.
- The Purchaser is entitled to sell the reserved title goods in the due process of sale provided he is not in payment arrears in respect of our purchase price claims.
- The Purchaser hereby assigns to us at this point in time all claims accruing to him as a result of resale of the reserved title goods vis-à-vis third parties. If the reserved title goods are sold following processing, combination or amalgamation assignment of the claim arising from resale shall apply only up to the extent of the value of the reserved title goods invoiced to the Purchaser by the Vendor. This shall also apply if the reserved title goods are resold together with other goods which similarly do not belong to the Vendor.
- The Purchaser is also authorised to collect the claim even following assignment. We may restrict the said collection authorisation on the basis of justifiable interest or revoke the same on due cause found, in particular in the event of payment arrears. We may require that the Purchaser shall notify us of the claims assigned to him and of related debtors plus all information necessary for collection and surrender to us all associated documentation and disclose the said assignment to his debtors.
- We undertake to release the securities due to us on the basis of the above provisions at our discretion upon the Purchaser's request to the extent that their realisable value exceeds the claim secured by 20% or more.
- The Purchaser hereby declares his consent that the persons authorised by us in connection with assignment of the reserved title goods may enter the property or building on or in which the items are situated in order to take possession of the reserved title goods.
- The Purchaser shall immediately inform us in respect of any confiscation, compulsory enforcement or other third party intervention adversely affecting our rights of ownership. The Purchaser shall bear the costs of measures to remedy third party interference in particular of any possible intervention procedures.
VIII. Guarantee and Liability
- Should there be any defect for which we are responsible we are entitled to decide between rectification and replacement at our own discretion. A precondition in such an event is that the defect is not immaterial. In the event of rectification we undertake to bear the costs of transportation, labour and materials provided these are not increased due to the fact that the goods supplied have not been moved to a location other than the place of performance.
Should one of or both forms of remedy prove impossible or disproportionate we are entitled to refuse it.
We may refuse to effect a remedy for as long as the Purchaser fails to meet his payment obligations towards us to an extent equating to the fault-free portion of the goods or services.
- Should rectification or replacement fail to be made within an appropriate period - with due consideration of our supply options - or if rectification and and/or replacement should fail the Purchaser may demand a reduction of remuneration (abatement) or withdraw from the Contract.
- The Purchaser's rights in the event of defect assume that the latter has met his obligation under § 377 HGB [Civil Code] to inspect and submit complaints upon receipt of the goods in a timely manner.
- If nothing to the contrary emerges under Section 6 below further claims on the part of the Purchaser, irrespective of legal grounds (in particular claims arising from infringement of main and ancillary contractual obligations, reimbursement of expenses with the exception of those defined in § 439 II BGB, impermissible act and any other tortious liability) are excluded; this applies in particular to damage not occurring to the item supplied itself including compensation claims for lost profit; also included are claims which do not result from the faulty nature of the purchased item.
- The above provisions also apply in the case of delivery of another item or a lesser quantity.
- The liability disclaimer provision under Section 4 shall not apply if any exclusion or restriction of liability agreed for injury to life, physical injury or damage to health is due to intentional or negligent dereliction of duty on the part of the user or intentional or negligent dereliction of duty on the part of any legal representative or vicarious agent of the user; nor shall it apply if any exclusion or limitation of liability is agreed for other forms of damage caused by any intentional or grossly negligent dereliction of duty on the part of any legal representative or vicarious agent of the user.
If we culpably infringe any essential contractual obligation or any "cardinal" obligation liability shall not be excluded but shall be limited to typical foreseeable contractual damage; in other respects it is excluded under Section 4.
The liability disclaimer additionally does not apply in those cases where under product liability legislation in the event of defects in the goods supplied there is liability in the case of personal injury or damage to property relating to privately used items.
Nor does it apply in the case of assumption of a guarantee and assurance of a characteristic feature if a defect covered thereby activates our liability.
In the event of reimbursement of expenses the above shall apply accordingly.
- No guarantee is assumed in the event of damage attributable to inappropriate use, faulty assembly by the Purchaser or third parties, natural wear and tear, incorrect or negligent treatment, improper modifications carried out without our prior consent or servicing work by the Purchaser or third parties.
- Claims for remedy, damages and replacement use shall be time-barred one year from the date of purchase of the item concerned.
This does not apply to any item used in accordance with its customary purpose for a building and has caused faultiness in the latter in which case time-barring is after 5 years.
Claims for abatement of price and exercise of any right of withdrawal are excluded if the claim for remedy is time-barred.
In the event of operation of Sentence 3 however the Purchaser may only refuse payment of the purchase price to the extent that he would be entitled to do so as a consequence of withdrawal or abatement; in the event of withdrawal exclusion and subsequent payment refusal we are entitled to withdraw from the Contract.
- Claims arising from manufacturer redress remain unaffected by this Section.
IX. Liability for Collateral Obligations
If through any fault on our part the item supplied cannot be used as stated under the terms of the Contract or if damage occurs as a consequence of omitted or faulty implementation of suggestions and consultations prior to and subsequent to conclusion of the Contract including other contractual collateral obligations to the exclusion of further claims on the part of the Purchaser the provisions of Clauses VIII and X shall apply accordingly.
X. Withdrawal by the Purchaser and other Liabilities on our part
- The following provisions shall apply in the event of infringements over and above liability for defect and shall neither exclude nor limit statutory right of withdrawal.
Similarly, lawful or contractual claims due to us shall be neither excluded nor limited.
- The Purchaser may withdraw from the Contract if the overall performance is definitively impractical, the same applying to incapacity.
The Purchaser may also withdraw from the entire Contract if in the event of an order for similar items implementation of part of the supply is impossible in terms of numerical quantity due to our representation obligation and if he has no interest in partial supply; if this is not the case the Purchaser may abate the consideration accordingly; the right of withdrawal shall not apply in the case of immaterial infringement of obligation.
- Should there be any delay in performance and provided the Purchaser grants us an appropriate period to complete performance following justification of the delay and should the said period fail to be observed the Purchaser shall be entitled to withdraw. In the event of partial delay in performance Section 1 Sentence 2 shall apply accordingly.
If prior to delivery the Purchaser requires in any aspect alternative execution of the item supplied the delivery period shall be interrupted until the date of agreement regarding execution and if necessary extended by the time necessary for alternative execution.
- Withdrawal shall be excluded if the Purchaser is solely or to a large extent predominantly responsible for the circumstance entitling him to withdrawal or if the circumstance for which we are responsible occurs at the point in time of default in acceptance on the part of the Purchaser.
In the event of impracticality we retain in the above cases our claim to consideration as defined in § 326 Section 2 BGB [Civil Code].
- Further claims on the part of the Purchaser, irrespective of legal grounds (in particular claims arising from default at the point of conclusion of the Contract, infringement of main and ancillary contractual obligations, reimbursement of expenses, impermissible act and any other tortious liability) are excluded; this applies in particular to damage not occurring to the item supplied itself including compensation claims for lost profit; also included are claims which do not result from the faulty nature of the purchased item.
This shall not apply if the cause of damage is due to intent or gross negligence on our part, our legal representatives or vicarious agents. Nor shall this apply if the damage arises from culpable injury to life, physical injury or damage to health.
To a similarly lesser degree liability in the event of assumption of a guarantee is excluded if an obligation infringement covered thereby activates our liability.
If we culpably infringe any essential contractual obligation or any "cardinal" obligation liability shall not be excluded but shall be limited to typical foreseeable contractual damage.
XI. Place of Performance and Jurisdiction
- Place of performance of both parts arising from all legal relationships is 73525 Schwäbisch Gmünd.
- In respect of the legal relationship between the Purchaser and us the laws of the Federal Republic of German apply. UN Sale of Goods legislation (CISG) is expressly excluded.
- Legal venue for all disputes arising form the contractual relationship is Schwäbisch Gmünd. We are also entitled to file an action at the domicile of the Purchaser.
General Purchasing Terms and Conditions
Effective: August 2010
§ 1 General – Scope of validity
- Our general purchasing terms and conditions apply exclusively; we do not accept any conflicting or deviating supplier's terms and conditions unless we expressly agree to these in writing. Our general purchasing terms and conditions apply also if we accept supplier's delivery without any reservations even if we are aware of conflicting or deviating supplier's terms and conditions. They apply also for all future business relations even if they are not expressly agreed upon once again.
- All covenants agreed upon between our company and the supplier in performance of this agreement will be fixed in writing in this agreement.
- Our general purchasing terms and conditions apply exclusively to our relations with business undertakings.
§ 2 Quotations – tender documents
- The supplier undertakes to accept our orders within a period of two weeks.
- We reserve all proprietary rights and copyrights to images, depictions, calculations and other documents; these may not be made accessible to third parties without our express written consent. They will be used exclusively for production according to our purchase orders; they will be returned to us without further request after our purchase order is completed. They will be kept secret from third parties; the covenant in § 9 sec. 4 shall also apply.
§ 3 Prices – terms of payment
- The price stated in the purchase order shall be binding. If no other written agreement has been made, the price shall be "free domicile" including packaging. Return shipment of empties and packaging material, unless disposable packaging, will be made freight collect at the supplier's expense.
- Prices shall be understood to be stated without the applicable VAT.
- We will process invoices only if we receive them apart from the goods shipment and if the purchase order number is stated in these in compliance with our order specifications. The supplier shall be responsible for all consequences arising from non-compliance with this obligation unless he is able to demonstrate that such act arose from circumstances beyond his sphere of influence.
- Unless agreed upon differently in writing, we will pay the purchase price minus a 3% discount on the 15th day of the month following the month of delivery or net within 90 days after receipt of the invoice.
- We are fully entitled to all statutory offsetting and retaining rights. We are authorized to assign all claims arising from the purchase agreement without the supplier's consent. The supplier is not authorized to assign claims from the contractual relation to third parties without our prior written consent.
§ 4 Delivery / delivery schedules
- The supplier must perform the contractual obligation himself. Subcontracting by the supplier is admissible only with our express written consent.
- The deliveries must be in compliance with the quality, quantity and scheduling stated in the purchase order.
- For orders not yet entirely performed, we are authorized to request changes related to design, delivery and delivery schedules provided we can demonstrate to have reasonable interest in such modifications, that the supplier has the technical capacities and abilities to implement such modifications, and that the request for such modification is feasible.
- The agreed delivery schedules shall be binding; the supplier warrants to provide for conditions allowing for punctual delivery.
- In case of delayed delivery, we may resort to statutory relief. We are especially entitled, after fruitless expiration of a grace period, to claim damages due to delay in addition to contract performance or to claim damages for non-performance in lieu of contract performance or to step down from the contract. In case we claim damages, the supplier is entitled to demonstrate to us that he is not responsible for the violation of contractual duties.
- Additional freight costs for rush or express deliveries required due to non-compliance with the stipulated delivery deadlines will be borne by the supplier.
- The supplier is obligated to inform us immediately as soon as circumstances arise (or as soon as he becomes aware of these) which might lead to his inability to comply with the agreed delivery schedule.
§ 5 Passage of risk – documents
- Unless agreed upon differently in writing, the delivery shall be made "free domicile"; passage of risk becomes effective as soon as the goods have been properly delivered and received.
- The supplier is obligated to state our purchase-order number accurately on all shipping papers and delivery notes. Should the supplier fail to do so, we shall not be responsible for any delays in processing.
§ 6 Quality
- The supplier warrants that his goods and services have the characteristics, qualities and features specified in the purchase order and that they are in compliance with our stated specifications, drawings, samples and other descriptions.
- The supplier will perform quality inspections which are appropriate in terms of nature and scope and which meet state-of-the-art requirements.
- In case initial samples or approval samples are requested, the supplier may begin with series production only after having received our formal written approval.
- We expect the supplier to orient the quality of the products he delivers to us towards the respective state-of-the-art status and to notify us about potential improvements and technical modifications. All and any modifications of the delivery items must previously be approved by us in writing.
- The supplier warrants and guarantees compliance with all statutory safety and environmental regulations applicable in Germany.
§ 7 Inspections for defects – liability for defects
- We are obligated to inspect the goods within a reasonable period of time for any visible quality and quantity deviations. A complaint will be considered made in due time if it is received by the supplier within a period of ten workdays after receipt of the goods or, in case of hidden defects, after these are detected.
- We may avail ourselves without restrictions of all statutory claims for defects. In any case we are entitled at our sole discretion to demand correction of defect by the supplier or to demand delivery of new items. This shall not affect our entitlement to our right to recover damages, specifically to compensation in damages in lieu of contract performance.
- We are authorized to correct the defects ourselves at the supplier's expense in particularly urgent cases or if time is of essence.
- The period of limitation shall be 36 months starting at the passage of risk.
§ 8 Product liability – indemnification – liability insurance
- If the supplier is responsible for a product defect, he is obligated to save us harmless from third-party claims for damages upon first request if the cause lies within the supplier's organizational and responsibility domain and if the supplier himself is liable in respect of rights and duties as to third parties.
- In the scope of his liability for claims as defined in sec. 1, the supplier is also obligated to refund any expenses as defined in §§ 683, 670 BGB (German civil code) and §§ 830, 840, 426 BGB, which we incur through or in context with any recall action imitated by us. We will inform the supplier - to the extent possible and reasonable - about content and scope of the recall action and will give him the opportunity to comment. This shall not adversely affect any other statutory claims.
- The supplier undertakes to take out a product liability insurance with an insured sum of 10 million € per personal injury/property damage - blanket insurance- ; should we be entitled to more extensive claims for damages, these shall not be adversely affected.
§ 9 Industrial property rights
- The supplier warrants that no third-party rights in the Federal Republic of Germany and the EU are violated in context with his deliveries.
- Should any claims be put forward against us by third parties for violation of industrial property rights, the supplier is obligated to save us harmless against these claims upon first written request. We are not authorized to come to any agreements with the third party - especially to come to an out-of-court agreement - without the supplier's consent.
- The supplier's obligation to save us harmless relates to all expenses which we necessarily incur through or in context with the assertion of claims against us by third parties.
- The supplier's aforementioned obligations to save us harmless shall not apply if the supplier manufactured the items of delivery on the basis of drawings, models or identical descriptions or specifications made available by our company and the supplier doesn't know or - in context with the products he developed - doesn't need to know that they violate third-party rights.
- The period of limitation for these rights of indemnity shall be three years starting at the time we become aware of the assertion of third-party claims.
§ 10 Retention of ownership – provision of materials – tools – obligation to maintain secrecy
- We retain ownership of all parts (conditional commodity) and tools provided by us. Processing or conversion by the supplier is done for our purposes. In case our conditional commodities are processed with/incorporated into items to which we have no ownership rights, we acquire co-ownership rights in the new item in proportion of the value of our item (purchase price plus VAT) to the other processed items at the time they are processed.
- If the item we provide is irreversibly incorporated with other items to which we have no ownership rights, we acquire co-ownership rights in the new item in proportion of the value of the conditional commodity (purchase price plus VAT) to the other incorporated items at the time they are incorporated. If this incorporation is such that the supplier's item is the principal item, it is considered agreed that the supplier conveys proportional co-ownership rights to us. The supplier safeguards the sole ownership or co-ownership rights for us.
- The supplier is obligated to use the tools exclusively for the production of the items we order. The supplier is obligated to insure our tools against fire, water and theft at reinstatement value at his own expense. At the same time, the supplier already now assigns all claims for compensation from this insurance to us; we hereby accept such assignment. The supplier is obligated to have any required maintenance work and inspections as well as all repair and service work done in due time at his own expense. The supplier will immediately notify us about any defects. Should he culpably fail to do such, this shall not adversely affect any claims for damages.
- The supplier is obligated to keep all provided depictions, drawings, calculations and other records and information in strict confidence. They may be disclosed to third parties only with our explicit approval. This obligation to maintain secrecy is also in effect after expiration of this agreement. The obligation ceases if and to the extent the know-how incorporated in the provided depictions, drawings, calculations and other records becomes general knowledge.
- To the extent our collateral rights as defined in sec. 1 and/or sec. 2 exceed the purchase price of all our conditional commodities not yet paid by more than 10%, we are, upon request by the supplier, obligated to release the collateral rights at our discretion.
§ 11 Place of jurisdiction – place of performance – applicable law
- To the extent the supplier is a trader as defined in the German Commercial Code (HGB), our registered office shall be the place of performance and exclusive place of jurisdiction for deliveries and payments (including check lawsuits) as well as all disputes between the parties related to the agreements concluded between these. However, we are entitled to bring legal action against the supplier at his registered office.
- The laws of the Federal Republic of Germany shall apply exclusively. The CISG United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods as of April 11, 1980 shall not apply.
- Should one or several of the clauses of these General Standard Terms and Conditions be or become ineffective or unfeasible, this shall not affect the validity of the remaining clauses of the General Standard Terms and Conditions.